1977, one year after São Paulo and Washington D.C., Amsterdam
opened its first strip of metro. This strip and its extension
in 1980 increased the accessibility and quality of life and work
in the inner city. However, it also became a cause for serious
criticism concerning the expenses (which, due to the large number
of archaeological findings, proved to be more costly than calculated)
and civil protests against the consequent demolition of houses
in the Nieuwmarkt neighbourhood. Because of this, the plans for
more subterrain metro lines were annulled for the time being.
Now, almost twenty years later, the system still has its original
layout. The combined system of two metro and one fast tram lines
total 40 kilometres of track, 39 stations, and 69 vehicles.
However, this situation will soon change as a result of a new
spurt in metro-expanding activities. In 1994, the Amsterdam metro
carried 175,000 passengers per day. By the year 2005, this number
will probably have tripled to around 500,000 passengers per
working day. Construction of the new Ring Line is now in full
swing. This surface metro line is planned for opening in Spring
1997 and will then carry an estimated 80,000 daily passengers.
In 2005, the Amsterdam Metro Company hopes to bring the North-South
Line into service. This line will connect Amsterdam with Schiphol
Airport, carry an additional 180,000 daily passengers, and stop
at 7 stations.
Source: López, M.J.J., Crime Prevention
Guidelines for the Construction & Management of Metro Systems,
Den Haag: RCM-advies 1996, pg. 30-32.