Crime prevention measures
Because of the low crime situation of Hungary during its time
as an "Eastern bloc" nation and the high level of formal
surveillance, the Budapest metro system was never built or managed
with a strong emphasis on crime prevention. Due to the trade agreements
of COMECON, all rolling stock in the Budapest Metro had to be
bought in Russia, a/o Mytischi in Moscow. These vehicles, which
are also used in Prague, have a very basic and spartan design
in which there is no effort to establish a pleasant atmosphere.
Visibility and atmosphere are also a problem in most of the stations.
Lighting levels are often insufficient, colour settings are dark
and depressing, and sharp corners are omnipresent. Especially
the smaller stations and the heavily used Földalatti show
clear signs of deterioration.
Fortunately, there are plans for a reconstruction of the Földalatti
soon. However, due to the sad financial situations of Hungary
and the city, it is not likely that much more than this will be
done to improve the public safety situation in the metro system.
Meanwhile, crime rates are staggering and vandalism and muggings
are on the increase.
Source: López, M.J.J., Crime Prevention
Guidelines for the Construction & Management of Metro Systems,
Den Haag: RCM-advies 1996, pg. 18-19.