Washington D.C. - WMATA
Almost simultaneous to the construction of the first lines in
São Paulo emerged a metro system whose construction would
set a whole new standard for the crime prevention planning and
design of metro systems; the Washington D.C. Metro. The system
had to be built in what used to be the murder capital of the United
States. Furthermore, the negative crime experiences of New York
- as well as other American metro systems - held a clear
warning of the risks which come with a subway system designed
without including the concept of crime prevention in its planning.
Thus, top priority was given to a crime prevention planning and
design of the Washington D.C. Metro. This resulted in a construction
in which the latest knowledge on situational crime prevention
techniques was fully incorporated. The metro system of Washington
D.C. opened its doors in 1976. It became the first of a new generation
of metro systems (soon to be followed by Hong Kong and Singapore)
which had crime prevention "built in" to its construction.
Source: López, M.J.J., Crime Prevention
Guidelines for the Construction & Management of Metro Systems,
Den Haag: RCM-advies 1996, pg. 28-30.